King James Version (KJV)
7. 28 For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity; but the word of the oath, which was since the law, maketh the Son, who is consecrated for evermore.
In the previous chapter, the Apostle Paul established in his argument, scriptural proof that by God’s Oath, another High Priest must arise after the Order of Melchizedek, everlasting, without infirmity. Along with this, a change of Covenant established through Him was of necessity. This change of Covenant was also prophesied by Jeremiah in Ch. 31 of his book, of which the Apostle dedicates the Eighth Chapter of Hebrews. This High Priest is Christ Jesus, the first begotten of the dead for God raised Him, and prevented Him from seeing corruption. Upon His Ascension God Highly Exalted Him at His Right Hand forever, and put all things under His feet. The Apostle carefully articulated his argument by using the very Word of God, the Tanakh, which the Hebrews held dear. Showing them that this was all written about, and has come to pass already. Also by which there of necessity has been a Disannulling of the Law, and Signified by the Holy Ghost.
8.1 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens;
The SUM of all the things that the Apostle has spoken of from the beginning of this Epistle up to this point is: We have a High Priest in the Heavenlies, a Heavenly Tabernacle, a Heavenly Sanctuary, all made by God and that we have access to it. We are now partakers, by the Spirit of all that God has foreordained for Us as His People.
2. A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man.
3 For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer.
Christ Jesus offered up Himself as the Sacrifice to God, and the difference here from the Levitical Priests, He did it Once with His blood, and not the blood of others.
4 For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law:
5 Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.
25.9 Exo. According to all that I shew thee, after the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the instruments thereof, even so shall ye make it. (MT).
25.9 Exo. And thou shalt make for me according to all things which I shew thee in the mountain; even the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all its furniture: so shalt thou make it. (LXX).
25.40 Exo. And look that thou make them after their pattern, which was shewed thee in the mount. (MT). somewhat different.
25.40 Exo. See, thou shalt make them according to the pattern shewed thee in the mount. (LXX). Very close to a Match.
Now consider Luke’s reporting in Acts 7 of Stephen’s comment on the matter:
“…Our fathers had the tabernacle of witness in the wilderness, as he had appointed, speaking unto Moses, that he should make it according to the fashion that he had seen.”
Christ Jesus is not offering on Earth, but in the Heavenlies, and for the fact that if He were on Earth He would not be a Priest. The reason was that He was not of the Tribe of Levi, but of Judah. These two verses also help us to arrive at an approximate date of writing of this Epistle for they reveal that the Levitical Priesthood is still offering, and at this time the Temple is still standing. So this Epistle must be pre 68-70 AD.
Until the Ascension of Christ Jesus, man could only serve God symbolically, and by a shadow of the true. What is made by man, even following the pattern of the Heavenlies, is flawed and weak. What man needed but did not have was God living within! The Levitical Priesthood and the Law by reason of the flesh was faulty. It was ordered by God, but not interpreted, or implemented by God. Moses and at least some of the Children of Israel, were doing the best with what they knew and had. For about thirteen hundred years the Hebrews walked this way, but now something New has become available, the Spirit of God within.
6 But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
Christ Jesus inherited the Perfect that which is made by God! Therefore by how much is He the Mediator of A Perfect Covenant, made by God! Which has been Established Upon Better Promises! The Sworn Oath made by God! He paid a terrible, and an Ultimate price thus making Him the Worthy Mediator of a Brand New Covenant! The verse below expresses why, “…by How Much Also He Is The Mediator…,”
Heb 12:2, Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.
7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second.
Nothing can be added to this powerful, and accurate statement except, Amen! Now the Apostle Paul is going to show them in the Word of God, through the 31st Ch. of Jeremiah (MT), 38th Ch. of Jeremiah (LXX) the proof of this!
8 For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:
31.31 Jer. / 38.31
31 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: (MT)
31 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Juda: (LXX)
9 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the Lord: (MT)
32 not according to the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day when I took hold of their hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; for they abode not in my covenant, and I disregarded them, saith the Lord. (LXX)
10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:
33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. (MT)
33 For this is my covenant which I will make with the house of Israel; after those days, saith the Lord, I will surely put my laws into their mind, and write them on their hearts; and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people. (LXX)
11 And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest.
34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the Lord: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more. (MT)
34 And they shall not at all teach every one his fellow citizen, and every one his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least of them to the greatest of them: for I will be merciful to their iniquities, and their sins I will remember no more. (LXX)
12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.
for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more. (MT)
for I will be merciful to their iniquities, and their sins I will remember no more. (LXX)
13 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.
How beautiful are the words of Jeremiah, “…and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.” These words were penned by the scribe, and friend of Jeremiah, Baruch, about the time of the death of King Josiah, from (609 BC) to (586 BC) when Jerusalem was destroyed by the Babylonians. Verse 13 above it should be noted, helps us to narrow down the date for the writing of this marvellous Epistle to 64-68 AD. The Old Covenant which waxeth old and decayeth, vanished away in 70 AD, with the destruction of the Temple at Jerusalem. The Words of Jesus are very appropriate here:
Matt. 24.1 And Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and his disciples came to him for to shew him the buildings of the temple.
2 And Jesus said unto them, See ye not all these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down.
34 Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled. Jesus spoke these incredible words sometime very close to 30 AD, to the generation living at that time! “This Generation shall Not Pass…”.