The Nevi’im, What and Who Were They?

The Nevi’im ( The Prophets)

What and who, was the Nevi’im?  It is the second body of sacred writings within the Tanakh. Tanakh is an acronym in which the consonants correspond to the three divisions of the Hebrew Bible, and the Old Testament to Christians.  The T represents the Torah (the five books of the Law), the N represents the Nevi’im (the Prophets), and the K represents the Ketuvim (the writings).

The Nevi’im are made up of two groups of Prophets, the Former Prophets, which make up the History portion of the Tanakh.  Inclusive within the Former Prophets are the books of Joshua, Judges, the Samuels, and the Kings.  The Second group represented in the Nevi’im are the Latter Prophets.  The writings of the Latter Prophets are divided into two groups as well, the Latter Prophets, that of Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel, which are known as the Major Prophets.  Hosea through Malachi represent the (12) Minor Prophets. The Names of the Minor Prophets are as follows:  Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. The writing of the Prophet Daniel is not listed among Prophets, but instead within the Ketuvim (the Writings).

The writings of the Latter Prophets covers a span of about 400 years of Hebrew History, from approximately 800 bc, with Amos, Hosea, Micah, then Isaiah (740), to about 400 bc. Some prophesied to the Northern Kingdom of Israel, and some to the Southern Kingdom of Judah. Some prophesied to both Kingdoms.  Some of the prophets lived in one Kingdom, and yet there prophetic work was in the other kingdom.  Such as Amos who lived in Judah, yet prophesied in Israel.

For more on this subject, and a Timeline for the Prophets, please see the following:

http://thebiblicalprophets.wordpress.com/the-neviim-the-prophets/

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